In the landmark case Obergefell v. Hodges, the U. Supreme Court ruled that all state bans on same-sex marriage were unconstitutional, making gay marriage legal throughout America. The ruling was a culmination of decades of struggles, setbacks and victories along the road to full marriage equality in the United States. In , just one year after the historic Stonewall Riots that galvanized the gay rights movement, law student Richard Baker and librarian James McConnell applied for a marriage license in Minnesota.
Same-sex marriage in the United States
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In , the Supreme Court of the United States ruled that the right to get married must be extended to same-sex couples. The ruling dramatically changed the landscape of same-sex marriage laws across the country. Prior to this ruling, states were empowered with the right to decide whether or not same-sex marriage would be permissible within its own boundaries. Since the federal government was long-silent on the topic, same-sex marriage has always been a hotly contested issue in the United States. Over the past few decades, the rights and privileges extended to the LGBT community have increased significantly. However, many states have remained stubbornly adverse to extending equal rights to same-sex couples under the law. There, two young University of Minnesota students filed a formal request with the state to get married.
5 facts about same-sex marriage
This article summarizes the same-sex marriage laws of states and similar jurisdictions in the United States. Via the case Obergefell v. Hodges on June 26, , the Supreme Court of the United States legalized same-sex marriage in a decision that applies nationwide, with the possible exception of American Samoa and some tribal nations.
Same-sex marriage in the United States expanded from one state in to all fifty states in through various state court rulings, state legislation, direct popular votes, and federal court rulings. Same-sex marriage is also referred to as gay marriage , while the political status in which the marriages of same-sex couples and the marriages of opposite-sex couples are recognized as equal by the law is referred to as marriage equality. The fifty states each have separate marriage laws , which must adhere to rulings by the Supreme Court of the United States that recognize marriage as a fundamental right that is guaranteed by both the Due Process Clause and the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution , as first established in the landmark civil rights case of Loving v. Civil rights campaigning in support of marriage without distinction as to sex or sexual orientation began in the s. Nelson saw the Supreme Court of the United States decline to become involved.