Novice teen drivers have long been known to have an increased risk of crashing, as well as increased tendencies toward unsafe and risky driving behaviors. Teens are unique as drivers for several reasons, many of which have implications specifically in the area of distracted driving. Recommendations for future research include understanding how engagement in a variety of secondary tasks by teen drivers affects their driving performance or crash risk; understanding the respective roles of parents, peers and technology in influencing teen driver behavior; and evaluating the impact of public policy on mitigating teen crash risk related to driver distraction. Per unit of travel, teenage drivers have an elevated fatal and non-fatal crash risk relative to adults [ Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, ]. Concerns about driver distractions have focused in particular on teenagers because they are inexperienced drivers and more likely than adults to engage in risky driving behaviors [ Simons-Morton, Ouimet, Zhang, et al. Driver distractions occur both when a driver is looking away from the forward roadway e.
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Teen Drivers: Get the Facts | Motor Vehicle Safety | CDC Injury Center
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Teen Driving Essay
Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for U. In , 2, teens in the United States aged were killed, and about , were treated in emergency departments for injuries suffered in motor vehicle crashes. In , young people aged represented 6. The risk of motor vehicle crashes is higher among teens aged than among any other age group. In fact, per mile driven, teen drivers in this age group are nearly three times more likely than drivers aged 20 and older to be in a fatal crash.
Motor vehicle crashes remain elevated among novice teen drivers for at least several years after licensure. Licensing policies and driver education are the two primary countermeasures employed to decrease young driver crash risks. Graduated driver licensing policies have proved to be effective in reducing crash rates where evaluated. Driver education is an essential part of teaching teens the rules of the road and operating a vehicle, but requires few hours of professional driver training, relying mainly on parents to provide most of the supervised practice driving teens obtain before independent driving licensure. The few studies that have been conducted to increase parent supervised practice driving have not shown positive results.