Once breast cancer is diagnosed, tests are performed to determine the cancer stage, which will influence which type of treatment patients receive. The TNM cancer staging system, used by the American Joint Commission on Cancer AJCC , is widely accepted and has used a combination of T- tumor size and features, N- lymph node involvement and M- presence or absence of distant metastases to stage cancer. However, there is increasing recognition that the prognosis of breast cancers is determined by not only anatomical presentation, like tumor size and lymph node involvement, but also by biology. Estimates of tumor grade, hormone and HER2 receptors, and multigene assays such as Oncotype, PAM 50 EndoPredict, Mammoprint or Breast Cancer Index also help to determine to the aggressiveness and chance of recurrence of breast cancers.
An Overview of Stage 2 Breast Cancer
Stage 2 Breast Cancer: Diagnosis, Treatment, Survival
Inflammatory breast cancer is a rare and very aggressive disease in which cancer cells block lymph vessels in the skin of the breast. Inflammatory breast cancer is rare, accounting for 1 to 5 percent of all breast cancers diagnosed in the United States. Most inflammatory breast cancers are invasive ductal carcinomas, which means they developed from cells that line the milk ducts of the breast and then spread beyond the ducts. Inflammatory breast cancer progresses rapidly, often in a matter of weeks or months.
Stage 2 Breast Cancer
Based in Jamestown, Pa. Many of her articles have appeared in newspapers, as well as "Curing Epilepsy: Hope Through Research. End stage breast cancer is also known as stage IV breast cancer, the most advanced stage of the disease. According to Imaginis, a women's health resource, during this stage, the cancer has spread to other organs of the body.
Your specialist will take a number of different factors into account when deciding which treatment is best for you, including:. Secondary breast cancer may respond to several types of treatment. Doctors try to start with treatment that has as few side effects as possible. Hormone therapy is a common treatment for secondary breast cancer. It can often shrink and control the cancer wherever it is in the body.