Medically reviewed by Drugs. Last updated on Jun 17, Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease STD that is caused by bacteria called Neisseria gonorrhoeae. These bacteria can be passed from person to person during sexual activity vaginal, oral and anal intercourse leading to infections of the urethra urine tube , cervix, vagina and anus. If untreated, these gonorrhea infections can spread to higher portions of the reproductive tract, causing prostatitis prostate inflammation and epididymitis inflammation of the epididymis in men, and pelvic inflammatory disease PID in women.
Gonorrhea Strain Thwarts 2 Main Drugs, Raising Concerns It's Becoming Untreatable
Gonorrhoea | Symptoms and Treatment | Patient
Gonorrhea can be cured with the right treatment. CDC recommends dual therapy , or using two drugs, to treat gonorrhea — a single dose of mg of intramuscular ceftriaxone AND 1g of oral azithromycin. It is important to take all of the medication prescribed to cure gonorrhea. Medication for gonorrhea should not be shared with anyone. Although medication will stop the infection, it will not repair any permanent damage done by the disease. Antimicrobial resistance in gonorrhea is of increasing concern, and successful treatment of gonorrhea is becoming more difficult. Section Navigation.
Untreatable gonorrhoea 'superbug' spreading around world, WHO warns
Gonorrhea is a disease caused by bacteria called Neiserria gonorrhoeae , the gonococcus. The bacteria that cause gonorrhea are found in the mucous areas of the body the vagina, penis, throat and rectum and in semen or vaginal fluids. Any person who has sex can be infected with gonorrhea.
It was simple to treat gonorrhea in the first half of the twentieth century. A single dose of penicillin cured most cases of the sexually transmitted infection STI. Unfortunately, many bacteria have adapted in the decades since antibiotics were introduced, developing resistance to these powerful medications. Now there are signs that gonorrhea, an infection that could increase risk of HIV transmission or acquisition, is becoming even more resilient. Resistance to an antibiotic develops when a drug "has lost its ability to effectively control or kill bacterial growth" and bacteria "continue to multiply," notes the Tufts University-based Alliance for the Prudent Use of Antibiotics.